A diagnostic examination, utilizing strong magnets and radio waves and producing detailed images of the body.
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is the latest diagnostic technology in the world, which uses radio frequency waves and a strong magnetic field rather than x-rays to provide remarkably clear and detailed pictures of internal organs and tissues. The technique has proven very valuable for the diagnosis of a broad range of pathological conditions in all parts of the body, including cancer, heart and vascular disease, stroke, joint and musculoskeletal disorders. MRI is also widely used to diagnose sports-related injuries, especially those affecting the knee, shoulder, hip, elbow, and wrist.
The Advantages of MRI as follows:
- MRI can give such clear pictures of soft-tissue structures near and around bones, it is the most sensitive exam for spinal and joint problems.
- MRI can provide the information about the blood flows through certain organs and blood vessels, allowing the problems with blood circulation ,such as blockages, to be indentified.
- There is no involvement of any kind of radiations in the MRI, so it is safe for the people who can be vulnerable to the effects of radiations such as pregnant women or babies.
- The images can be viewed as a 3-D view of a person’s insides.
Incidental findings on brain MRI
Incidental findings on brain MRI. (A) White matter hyperintensities. (B) Lacunar infarct. (C) Cavernous malformation. (D) Malformation of venous development. (E) Arachnoid cyst. (F) Meningioma. (G) Non-specific focus of altered signal. (H) Brain volume loss. (I) Chiari malformation type I. (J) Otorhinolaryngology process. (K) Ventriculomegaly suspicious of NPH. (L) Brain stem atrophy.